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Bladder Cancer - Overview

Bladder cancer occurs in the bladder which is a balloon-shaped organ that holds urine and is located in the pelvic region.
Bladder cancer often originates in the cells that line the inside of the bladder. Bladder cancer is most common in older adults but can occur throughout any age.


  • Blood in urine which can cause the urine to appear bright red or become cola colored. Often urine can appear normal, but blood can be detected with further examination of urine.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Painful urination.
  • Back pain.
  • Pelvic pain.

Urinary Leakage - Overview

Urinary incontinence is the action of when there is a loss of bladder control which can be a common and often embarrassing problem. Correcting this condition is a simple lifestyle change in which medical treatment can stop and relieve discomfort.


  • Occasional leaking urine when coughing or sneezing
  • A strong sudden urge to urinate that prevents one from making to the bathroom in time
  • When loss of bladder control affects your daily actives

Interstitial Cystitis - Overview

Interstitial cystitis which is also known as painful bladder syndrome. Interstitial Cystitis is a condition that causes bladder pressure, pain and occasional pelvic pain. Pelvic pain associated with Interstitial Cystitis ranges from mild to severe.

The bladder is a muscular organ which is hollow and holds urine. As the bladder holds urine it will expand until it is full. Once full the bladder will send a signal to the brain that it is time to urinate which it then communicates to the nerves in the pelvis. This is what creates the sense of urgency to urinate.

Interstitial Cystitis mixes up with signals that are communicated from the brain and the nervous system. During this syndrome, the signals create the feeling of urinating more often but in smaller amounts.

Interstitial cystitis commonly affects women and can leave a large impact on the quality of life. There currently is not a cure but medication and therapies offer relief.


  • (Women) Pain in the pelvis, between the vagina, and anus
  • (Men) Pain in between the scrotum and anus
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • A persistent, urgent need to urinate
  • Frequent urination, in small amounts during the day and night (up to 60 times a day)
  • Pain or discomfort while the bladder fills (feeling after urinating)
  • Pain during sexual intercourse.

Note: Symptoms of severity vary from person to person. Occasionally some people can experience symptom-free periods. Symptoms may worsen with a urinary tract infection.



Texas Urological Clinic
1704 East Denman Ave
Lufkin, TX 75901
Phone: 936-246-0622
Fax: 936-899-7114

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